Catalog No. ：
Expression system ：
Symbol/Gene Name: NLRP1
Alias: NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1,Caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 7,Death effector filament-forming ced-4-like apoptosis protein,Nucleotide-binding domain and caspase recruitment domain
Background: Acts as the sensor component of the NLRP1 inflammasome, which mediates inflammasome activation in response to various pathogen-associated signals, leading to subsequent pyroptosis (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:12191486, PubMed:17349957, PubMed:27662089, PubMed:31484767, PubMed:33093214, PubMed:33731929, PubMed:33731932). Inflammasomes are supramolecular complexes that assemble in the cytosol in response to pathogens and other damage-associated signals and play critical roles in innate immunity and inflammation (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:12191486, PubMed:17349957). Acts as a recognition receptor (PRR): recognizes specific pathogens and other damage-associated signals, such as cleavage by human rhinoviruses 14 and 16 (HRV-14 and HRV-16), double-stranded RNA or Val-boroPro inhibitor, and mediates the formation of the inflammasome polymeric complex composed of NLRP1, CASP1 and PYCARD/ASC (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:12191486, PubMed:17349957, PubMed:30291141, PubMed:33243852, PubMed:33093214). In response to pathogen-associated signals, the N-terminal part of NLRP1 is degraded by the proteasome, releasing the cleaved C-terminal part of the protein (NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1, C-terminus), which polymerizes and associates with PYCARD/ASC to initiate the formation of the inflammasome complex: the NLRP1 inflammasome recruits pro-caspase-1 (proCASP1) and promotes caspase-1 (CASP1) activation, which subsequently cleaves and activates inflammatory cytokines IL1B and IL18 and gasdermin-D (GSDMD), leading to pyroptosis (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:12191486, PubMed:17349957, PubMed:32051255, PubMed:33093214). Activation of NLRP1 inflammasome is also required for HMGB1 secretion; the active cytokines and HMGB1 stimulate inflammatory responses (PubMed:22801494). Binds ATP and shows ATPase activity (PubMed:11113115, PubMed:15212762, PubMed:33243852). Plays an important role in antiviral immunity and inflammation in the human airway epithelium (PubMed:33093214). Specifically recognizes a number of pathogen-associated signals: upon infection by human rhinoviruses 14 and 16 (HRV-14 and HRV-16), NLRP1 is cleaved and activated which triggers NLRP1-dependent inflammasome activation and IL18 secretion (PubMed:33093214). Positive-strand RNA viruses such as. Semliki forest virus and long dsRNA activate the NLRP1 inflammasome, triggering IL1B release in a NLRP1-dependent fashion (PubMed:33243852). Acts as a direct sensor for long dsRNA and thus RNA virus infection (PubMed:33243852). May also be activated by muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a fragment of bacterial peptidoglycan, in a NOD2-dependent manner (PubMed:18511561).
Expression Host: E. coli
Formulation: 50mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5), 200mM NaCl, 20% glycerol
Supplied as sterile
Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hard copy of CoA.
< 0.01 EU per μg of the protein
Liquid. It is shipped out with blue ice.
Stability & Storage:
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -20℃ to -80℃
Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.